Tests & Screenings
Finding the source of your health condition is one of the first steps in proper treatment. At Houston Northwest Medical Center, we offer a wide range of tests and screenings at our hospital or our fully equipped imaging centers. Among common tests and screenings:
Woman Services - Bone Health
BLOOD TEST MARKERS
These tests are often used in patients with cancer or tumors to help determine cancer activity throughout the body. Cancers and tumors often produce a protein in the blood that can serve as a marker for the cancer as well as other disease.
A type of bone density test, this scan uses dual-energy X-rays to perform enhanced images of the bone. This scan is often performed on the lower spine and hips.
BONE DENSITY TEST
This type of test is a scan often ordered when a doctor suspects osteoporosis. It examines the density of bones and determines whether an individual has weak bones.
A type of bone density test, a DEXA scan uses dual-energy X-rays to perform enhanced images of the bone. This scan is often performed on the lower spine and hips.
Woman Services - Breast Health
3D mammography is a procedure that uses multiple low-dose images to create a 3-dimensional view of the breast. It allows the doctor to examine the breast layer by layer. Any abnormalities are more visible, since they are not hidden by the tissue above and below.
A biopsy is the removal of a small piece of tissue, which is then tested in a lab for signs of disease or infection. Doctors typically order a biopsy when another medical test suggests that a body tissue is not normal.
BLOOD MARKER TESTS
Blood marker tests are often used in patients with cancer or tumors to help determine cancer activity throughout the body. Cancers and tumors often produce a protein found in the blood that can serve as a marker for the cancer.
Breast MRI is a diagnostic procedure that uses large magnets, radiofrequencies and a computer to produce a detailed image of the breast. This image is used to check for signs of cancer and other abnormalities.
BREAST PHYSICAL EXAM
Breast physical exams are performed in a doctor's office and are frequently part of a woman's annual physical exam. Breast exams are used to check for signs of cancer and nipple discharge; they are also performed if a patient complains of breast pain.
Ductal lavage is a screening tool used to detect breast cancer in women who are at high risk for developing the disease. During the procedure, cells are collected from the milk ducts to screen for cancer cells.
Fluorescence in situ hybridization is also referred to as a FISH test. For breast cancer, this test is performed on tissue removed from the breast to help determine the genetic makeup of the cells.
An IHC test is crucial for planning the treatment of a breast cancer patient. This test helps to determine if a tumor is fueled by estrogen or progesterone.
INFORM HER2 DUAL ISH
An inform HER2 duel ISH test is intended to determine whether a tumor is fueled by estrogen or progesterone. This can play a crucial role in developing a treatment plan for a breast cancer patient.
A MammaPrint test is a genetic test that analyzes the activity of certain genes during the early stages of breast cancer. This test can be used for all forms of breast cancer and can play an important role in determining the course of treatment following surgery.
A mammostrat test is a genetic test used to determine a woman's risk of developing breast cancer for a second time. This test can be beneficial in planning treatment and may even allow some women to forgo chemotherapy.
MarginProbe delivers real-time cancer detection while a patient is in the operating room. This device allows doctors to preserve as much of the breast as possible while removing cancerous cells.
MOLECULAR BREAST IMAGING
Molecular breast imaging is a nuclear medicine test used to detect breast cancer. This diagnostic procedure uses small-semiconductor cameras to produce high-resolution images of the breasts.
ONCOTYPE DX TEST
This oncology test is used to help predict the changes of breast cancer recurring. It analyzes a group of genes to determine how likely it is for the cancer to return.
A positron emission tomography (or PET) scan is an imaging test that uses a radioactive substance called a tracer to look for disease (cancer) in the body. A PET scan shows how organs and tissues are functioning.
PROSIGNA BREAST CANCER PROGNOSTIC GENE SIGNATURE ASSAY
Used in the early stages of the disease, Prosigna is a genetic test used to determine risk factor. This test looks at how likely the disease is to advance into advanced-stage cancer.
Ultrasound is a noninvasive diagnostic test that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of various organs and structures throughout the body. When performed on the breast, it can be used to check the tissues for signs of cancer.